Switching Bus With IGBTs
Today’s inverters use Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) to switch the DC bus on and off at specific intervals. In doing so, the inverter actually creates a variable AC voltage and frequency output. As shown in Fig. 7, the output of the drive doesn’t provide an exact replica of the AC input sine waveform. Instead, it provides voltage pulses that are at a constant magnitude.